Marcus Aurelius: Meditations on justice & providence

Marcus Aurelius claimed that everything that happens is just (4.10). This is so because divine providence determines everything (4.26). But his view is irrational because if everything is just then injustice doesn’t exist. Yet, if justice – the basis of all Stoic virtue (11.10) – is moot then Stoic virtue also is moot. Ancient Epicureans criticized Stoicism alongContinue reading “Marcus Aurelius: Meditations on justice & providence”

Is Stoic joy an oxymoron?

Stoicism is misunderstood. People think a Stoic is emotionless like Mr. Spock. It’s a view I’ve been guilty of promoting. In A Guide to the Good Life: The Ancient Art of Stoic Joy, philosophy professor William B. Irvine describes how the ancient philosophy of Stoicism is relevant today. His key point is that Stoicism is about finding tranquilityContinue reading “Is Stoic joy an oxymoron?”